The Master Program in Urban and Regional Planning (PWK) of the Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia (FTUI) held a discussion with the theme of Current and Future Urban Governance. This discussion was held as a series of Open House in the form of discussions about planning for the University, Local Government, Ministries, Professionals, and the general public in welcoming the new academic year.
In the discussion held last Friday (20/5), PWK FTUI presented Dr. Drs. Thomas Umnu, M.Sc., Director of Regions, Urban and National Boundaries, Ministry of Home Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia.
“Current cities face many challenges. The first issue is environmental degradation. Population growth and increased activities increase water, air, and soil pollution. JNE pollution gives birth to diseases and growth disorders. The second issue is population density. Indonesian population living in urban areas in 2045 will reach 220 million people or an increase of 10.74 percent from 56.4 percent in 2020 based on BPS data projected in June 2020,” said Thomas.
The third problem is urbanization which is not yet prosperous. One percent of population growth is only able to encourage an increase in GDP per capita of 1.4%. This is different from an urban country in China which has a GDP per capita of 3%. The fourth issue is the absence of specific regulations for urban management. The fifth issue is sprawling. Cities grow beyond administrative boundaries and cause productive land occupations and even protected areas to turn into residential areas or built up land. Lastly, we have not been able to provide basic facilities for the people.
“Cities in Indonesia in the future will be built into smart cities consisting of six aspects, namely smart government, smart economy, smart society, smart living, smart environment, and smart mobility,” said Thomas.
“Future development of the city requires a pentahelix synergy from the government, academia, private sector, media, and the community. In the context of academics, urban planning must have the opportunity and be able to use the momentum. Urban dynamics that require urban experts and this opportunity can be utilized by academics,” he said. Our Indonesian Government Association (APEKSI).
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Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia